Varicose veins are enlarged, swollen, bulge and twisted veins that are raised beneath the surface of the skin. They can be dark purple or blue in colour and can be appear any parts of the body. However, it is most commonly found in legs.
There are two types of Varicose Veins ? Superficial Varicose Veins and Deep Varicose Veins. The Superficial Varicose Veins runs run just beneath the skin surface and surrounded by flooded capillaries while deep varicose veins are found deep under the muscles and usually invisible. Both types of varicose veins can cause pain. Superficial Varicose Veins looks ugly but generally provides no harm while deep varicose vein may affect the deep venous network and sometime cause fatal due to raising chances of pulmonary embolism triggered by blood clot and deep vein inflammation (thrombophlebitis).
Varicose veins tend to be inherited and become more prominent as the person ages. Women are twice as susceptible than men.
The Prime factor behind Varicose Veins is heredity as it affects mostly to them who have any family history of this disease. Women are more prone to men in it. The other more common causes include Defective valves from birth (congenitally defective valves), Pregnancy, Thrombophlebitis (inflammation in deep vein network), obesity, menopause, aging, prolonged standing, leg injury, abdominal straining, and crossing legs at the knees or ankles, excessive physical activity that puts pressure on the legs and sedentary life style.
The less common causes are post phlebitic obstruction and/or incontinence, venous and arteriovenous malformations.
The Common symptoms of Varicose Veins includes:
The treatment of varicose veins is conservative in allopathic system in which patients are asked to avoid tougher exercise, excessive standing, raising legs while sitting or sleeping, and wear elastic supports. Some medications are also prescribed while surgery in the main way of treating in modern medical system.
On the other hand, in Ayurveda, Varicose veins are dealt as Siraja Grandhi. It happens due do vitiation of 'srotus' means veins and arteries. This disease is called Srotavarodham'.
It can be managed and treated in Ayurveda through long term practicing. Some herbal medicines are also prescribed internally and externally.