Peepal (Banyan)

Peepal (Banyan)

Botanical Name: Ficus religiosa

Common Names: 
Bodhi, Ashvattha (Sanskrit), Peepal (Hindi), Piplo(Gujarati), Al or Aryal (Malayalam) and Banyan tree or sacred fig (English). Some other popular names are Bo tree, Bodhi tree, sacred tree, Beepul tree, Pipers, Pimpal, Jari, Arani, Ragi, Bodhidruma, Shuchidruma, Pipalla, and the Buddha tree.

Peepal or Banyan tree is a large deciduous plant found all over India. It is predominantly found in Haryana, Bihar, Kerala and Madhya Pradesh. It is also predominant in Ranthambore National Park in India. Almost all parts of plant are used for medicinal purposes.

Medicinal Properties
Peepal contains tannin that makes it medicinally very important. It has analgesic, anti- inflammatory, anti-lipid peroxidation properties and is useful for the treatment of several diseases.

Medicinal Uses

  • The leaf extract of peepal plant is used as eardrop for ear problems.
  • Powder of peepal leaves mixed with ghee can be applied for the treatment of mumps.
  • The bark of banyan tree is extremely useful for the treatment of jaundice.
  • The roots are used for treating stomach disorders, gout and ulcers.
  • The fruit and leaves are very useful against heart diseases.
  • The fruits are also helpful in enhancing the digestive system and check the tendency of vomiting. 
  • The bark is used during inflammation and swelling.
  • The powder of fruits is very beneficial in case of asthma, constipation and urinary problems.
  • Powder of bark has good healing effect for wounds.
  • Peepal is quite effective in the treatment of a neck disorder called scrofula.
  • The paste of peepal leaf provides relief in case of boils.

Apart from all these medicinal uses, banyan tree is considered a sacred tree in India and is worshipped. It is believed that peepal tree emits the pranic energy, which is helpful in achieving the enlightenment in the life.


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