Medicinal value of Ashwagandha
Ashwagandha is a popular herb used for the ayurvedic treatment for several health conditions. It is extensively used as an herbal tonic supplement to enhance the resistance of the body. Ashwagandha is though to have capability to improve ojas in the body and provide rejuvenation. It is most popular alternative medicine in the South East Asia and Southern Europe.
Botanical Name: Withania somnifera
Ashwagandha, arahkarni, Palasparni, Ammukiram, Pivari, Pushtida, Bajikari, Turagi (Sanskrit), Asgandh (Hindi), Ashwagandha (Bengali), Amukira (Tamil), Keramaddinagaddi (Kannada), Vajigandha, Pennerugadda (Telugu), Amukkuram, Trittavu (Malayalam), Askandha (Marathi), Asod, Ghoda Ahan, Ghoda Akan, Asun (Gujarati) and Winter cherry (English).
Ashwagandha is generally grown in the sub-tropical regions of India mainly in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Punjab. The roots and leaves are of prime medicinal use.
Ashwagandha is rich in chemical constituents and known to contain chemical compounds like methanol, hexane, diethyl ether, alkaloids, steroidals lactones, choline, tropanol, pseudotopanol, cuscokygrene, 3- tigioyloxytropana, isopelletierine and many other steroidal lactories. Presence of these chemicals makes the plant medicinally very important and increases the medicinal value of Ashwagandha. Aswagandha acts as an aphrodisiac deobstruent, diuretic, narcotic, sedative restorative, anti-stress adaptogenic, anti-tumor, anti-stress, antioxidant, mind-boosting, immune-enhancing, and rejuvenating and anti-inflammatory agent.
Due to its rich chemical content, ashwagandha is marked as one of the most useful medicinal plants in Ayurveda, which is being utilized for the cure of various ailments. The medicinal value of Ashwagandha includes: