Medicinal value of Centella asiatica
Centella asiatica, popular as gotu kola in India, is known for its significant medicinal values. The traces of gotu kola can be found in the India ayurvda, Chinese Shennong Herbal and French pharmacopoeia, which are the most ancient methods of treatment. The plant possess a variety of therapeutic benefits and is extensively for treatment of both internal and external disorders.
Botanical name: Centella asiatica
Bhekaparni, Brahmamanduki,Darduchhada, Mahaushadhi,Mandukaprnika, Manduki, Mutthil, Supriya, Tvasthi (Sanskrit), Bemgsag, Brahma-Manduki, Gotukola, Khulakhudi, Mandookaparni (Hindi), Thankuni, Tholkuri (Bengal), Thalkudi(Oriya), Kodagam, Kodangal, Kutakm, Kutannal, Muthal, Muttil, Muyalchevi (Malayalam), Bekaparnamu, Bokkudu, Saraswataku, Mandukbrahmmi, Saraswati (Telugu), Barmi, Moti Brahmi (Gujarati), Indian penny wort (English).
Centella asiatica is a perennial herb native to Madagascar and indigenous to India, Australia and Africa. It is predominant in the tropical and sub-tropical areas. In India is abundantly grown in Sikkim. This herb is most commonly found in the rice fields as weed.The whole plant is used for medicinal purposes.
Centella asiatica contains a variety of chemical compounds such as asiaticoside, hersaponin, tannin, hydrocotylin, monnierin, bacogenin, monnierin, triterpene, steroids and vallarine which have various medicinal properties and thus the plant possesses stimulant, refrigerant, soporific, emmenagogue, stomachic, carminative, diuretic, adaptogen, antibacterial, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcerogenic and anxiolytic properties.
The rich chemical constituents and medicinal properties of Centella asiatica allow the plant to be used for the treatment of several diseases. The medicinal value of Centella asiatica can be listed as: