Medicinal value of Cassia fistula


Medicinal value of Cassia fistula

Cassia fistula, popularly known as Amaltas in India is one of the most beautiful tropical ornamental plants. The flowers look beautiful which appears like a bunch of grapes and golden yellow in color. Owing to its beauty, the Indian postal department had also issued a postal stamp with its image. The plant is also possesses various medicinal properties.

Botanical Name: Cassia fistula

Common names:

Bhumiari, Pitapushpi, Swarnamukhi, Swarnapatrika (Sanskrit), Amaltas, Bhuikhakhasa, Hindisana, Sonamukhi (Hindi), Senna (Rajasthan), Sonalu, Bandar lathi, Amaltas (Bengali), Alexandrian, Bombay or Tinnevelly senna (English). Some other famous names of the plant are: canafistula, golden shower, Indian laburnum, kachang kayu , kallober, keyok, klober and klohur.


Cassia fistula or amaltas is a fast growing deciduous tree, which is a native of Asia. It is widely grown in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of India and Indian sub continentsas an ornamental plant. The fruit, leaves, and bark of the plant are used for various medicinal purposes.

Medicinal Properties

The plant contains several useful chemicals such as anthraquinones, istulic acid, rhein, rheinglucoside, galactomannan, sennosides A and B, tannin, phlobaphenes, oxyanthraquinone substances, emodin, chrysophanic acid, fistuacacidin, barbaloin, lupeol, beta-sitosterol, and hexacosanol which makes the plant biologically very active. Due to presence of these chemicals the plant exhibits antioxidant, hypoglycemic, antibacterial, antiviral, laxative, liver protective, estrogenic, antitumorous, laxative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, vermifuge, astringent and purgative properties.

Medicinal uses

  • Cassia fistula or amaltas possess several medicinal properties, which makes it an important plant in the ayurvedic treatment. These medicinal properties increase the medicinal value to cassia fistula and hence the plant can be used for the treatment of several diseases.
  • The plant is used as laxative and is very useful for the treatment of constipation.
  • The root is used in treating common cold.
  • The leaves relieves in swelling and pain. It is also helpful in reducing irritation in the skin.
  • Extract of the roots taken, as tonic is helpful in treatment of fever.
  • It shows good results in the treatment of liver disorders, tuberculous glands, haematemesis, pruritus, leucoderm and diabetes.
  • The pulp of the plant is quite effective in case of gout and rheumatism. It is also beneficial for the pregnant women.
  • Fruit and the bark of stem help in purification of blood.
  • Flatulence in case of children can be treated with amaltas.
  • It is also used in the treatment of sore eyes, haematuria, typhoid, asthma and leprosy.


Ads does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See additional information.