Medicinal value of Cassia fistula
Cassia fistula, popularly known as Amaltas in India is one of the most beautiful tropical ornamental plants. The flowers look beautiful which appears like a bunch of grapes and golden yellow in color. Owing to its beauty, the Indian postal department had also issued a postal stamp with its image. The plant is also possesses various medicinal properties.
Botanical Name: Cassia fistula
Bhumiari, Pitapushpi, Swarnamukhi, Swarnapatrika (Sanskrit), Amaltas, Bhuikhakhasa, Hindisana, Sonamukhi (Hindi), Senna (Rajasthan), Sonalu, Bandar lathi, Amaltas (Bengali), Alexandrian, Bombay or Tinnevelly senna (English). Some other famous names of the plant are: canafistula, golden shower, Indian laburnum, kachang kayu , kallober, keyok, klober and klohur.
Cassia fistula or amaltas is a fast growing deciduous tree, which is a native of Asia. It is widely grown in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of India and Indian sub continentsas an ornamental plant. The fruit, leaves, and bark of the plant are used for various medicinal purposes.
The plant contains several useful chemicals such as anthraquinones, istulic acid, rhein, rheinglucoside, galactomannan, sennosides A and B, tannin, phlobaphenes, oxyanthraquinone substances, emodin, chrysophanic acid, fistuacacidin, barbaloin, lupeol, beta-sitosterol, and hexacosanol which makes the plant biologically very active. Due to presence of these chemicals the plant exhibits antioxidant, hypoglycemic, antibacterial, antiviral, laxative, liver protective, estrogenic, antitumorous, laxative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, vermifuge, astringent and purgative properties.