Nasya in Ayurvedic tradition of treatment is a purification treatment, but before explaining further we should take a brief look at the relevance of this in the Ayurvedic tradition. The ancient healing science of Ayurveda unlike other health sciences of curative traditions believes that our body as an organic whole got every bit of protective mechanism for healing any disease or disorder. From the tip of our hair to the nasal paths to the eyes to other parts of body whatever pain, swelling, congestion, numbness or stiffness we feel or however sick we feel internally all have their healing solution within the body itself, either through rejuvenation or cleaning the organic path to make it work more smoothly or through making the physical and psychic process balance with the original bodily characteristics or doshas dominant in the person.
Nasya is basically the cleaning of our nasal path which is crucial for our breathing and number of purposes like sending impulses through flavor or breath. By cleaning the nasal path it provides immediate healing effect in numerous aspects like increasing the quality of breathing, relief from sinusitis, making the better supply of oxygen to the brain and lungs and many more.
How Nasya works?
Nasya is regarded as part of the Panchakarma treatment which is a particular category of Ayurvedic Shodhan or purification. Panchakarma is mainly administered for the detoxification of the body or for cleansing the organic process from all sorts of toxic substances or toxins accumulated and silently became a obstacle over the years. This is a long process that takes care of detoxification of various parts of body or organs one by one. In Nasya the nasal path that connects the path of breath to the sinus is cleared with Ayurvedic therapeutic cleansing measure.
Prior to the main course of treatment called Nasya or more elaborately Nasyakarma, patient's face, nose, neck and forehead are massaged lightly with Ayurvedic oil preparation to relax the nerves and muscles in the adjoining areas so that the treatment can take better effect and can be smoother. After this preparatory oleation the patient is asked to lie down on the bed on his or her back with head straight. It may be asked by the therapists to lower the head position slightly by keeping the pillow below the neck to heighten the nose position for the convenience of the treatment. The Ayurvedic medicine is placed on hot water and warmed gently and then is poured slowly in one passage of the nostril. For administering the drug properly without spilling out a tube or dropper can be used. After specified time as guided by the Ayurvedic therapists the same therapy is given to the other passage of the nostril.
Until you know how the Ayurvedic medicine works inside after being administered through nostrils, you have a lot left to admire this Ayurvedic purification treatment for its healing effects. In Nasya the medicine getting through the nasal path reaches the point on the surface of the brain that corresponds to the vital nerve centers. From this point which is called Sinus in modern medical terminology and Sringataka in Ayurvedic terminology is the point from where the medicine travels through various nerve paths or circulatory channels to relieve them from toxic substances accumulated from long time.
Types of Nasya
According to the types of Ayurvedic medicine administered for different therapeutic purposes by the Ayurvedic practitioner there are different types of Nasya treatments like Pradhamana Nasya for cleansing, Bruhana Nasya for nutrition, Shaman Nasya for sedative effect, Navana Nasya for decoction and Pratimarshya or daily smoothening of nasal path by ghee or oil.
Health Benefits of Nasya
As Nasya among many other purification or Shodhana processes directly works on the nervous tract and vital paths crucial for carrying brain signal through Nasya apart from congestion in the sinus or sinusitis or other breathing problem a wide array of health disorders can be addressed medically like impairment or fading of sensory perceptions, hair fall and graying of hair, cervical spondylitis, hemiplegia, frozen shoulder, mental disorders and even Parkinson's disease.