Diagnosis Process of Kidney Stones
The diagnosis of Kidney Stone is not difficult. Some medical tests and KUB X-ray and Ultrasound are enough to confirm the existence of the stones in most of the cases.
The above symptoms indicates the presence of stones in the kidney and urinary tract, but for getting confirmation of the size and exact position of the stone some diagnosis process are carried on in which KUB (Kidney, Ureters and Bladder) X-ray and Ultrasound is done first. In complex cases, where stone is hidden in the vessels, and blood capillaries doctors suggest for computerized tomography (CT) scan or an intravenous pyelogram (IVP).
Some blood and urine test also helps in detecting the existence and its influence in the body like serum creatinine, uric arid, BUN, K (potassium), N (Sodium) etc.
How to Prevent from Kidney Stones
A person who is more prone to develop kidney stone or a person who has already developed more than one kidney stone is likely to be form another; so, if possible, prevention is important.
Though it is difficult to determine the actual cause of the stone but still doctors suggests laboratory tests of excreted stone, urine and the sample of blood tests. Moreover, doctors will also ask about the patient's medical history, occupation, and eating habits. The analysis of a 24-hour urine collection and excreted stones can help doctors to determine the causes of stone forming.
A change in the life style can help you in preventing from stone forming, as the habit of higher intake of water and fruit juice will help you in this regard. A habit in changing your diet will also prove helpful. A kidney patient should avoid some certain sorts of foods that contain higher calcium, oxalate, vitamin-D and antacid etc.